Thursday, 26 June 2014

GSM History

GSM 

(GLOBAL SYSTEM FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION)





Introduction and History of GSM:-

Before 1980, there was 6 different incompatible analog cellular system standards working in Europe. However with the growth of European Common Market ( ECM) roaming between European countries became necessity and it was too difficult to business person to carry 6 handset and 6 SIM. So in 1982, CEPT(Conference of European Post & Telecommunication ) made a committee named GSM. 
  • GSM (Groupe Special Mobile), also known as Global System for Mobile communication.
  • Developed by European Telecommunication Standard Institute(ETSI).
  • GSM is a set of ETSI standards specifying the infrastructure for a digital cellular service.
  • In 1986, task force was formed to resolve roaming problems in 1G analog systems.
  • In 1987, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed.
  • In 1989, ETSI included GSM in its domain and also name was changed from Groupe Special Mobile to Global System for Mobile communication .
  • In 1990, GSM First page specification was published
  • In 1991, the specification of the standard was completed and commercial launched.
  • In 1992, the first deployment of GSM started  and India adopt GSM.
  • By the year 1993, thirty two operators in 22 countries adopted the GSM standard.
  • By the year 2001, close to 150 countries had adopted GSM for cellular adaptation.
  • GSM specifications define the functions and interface requirements in details but do not address the hardware.
  • GSM is an open ended technology i.e. upgradable.